TeriAnn's Guide to Aladdin and other brands of kerosene Mantle Lamps


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Candesco Incandescent mantle burner

(mid 1930's)

Candesco incandescent mantle burner

The Candesco Incandescent mantle burner was manufactured by Ehrich & Graetz in Germany. A late version of this burner was imported to the United States in small numbers during the mid 1930's for sale as an incandescent mantle burner upgrade to owners of flat wick lamps. This was about the same time that E&G manufactured lamps were offered for sale by Montgomery Wards.

Candesco wick adjustmant knob

Candesco burner appart


Candesco Gallery
The gallery takes a tubular chimney with a base diameter of 2-1/8"

Candesco burner with gallery removed
Burner with gallery removed


Candesco burner base

The burner base with the lifting section removed shows the removable top to the outer wick tube and how it is attached. You can also see the simple key lift arms that are attached directly to the key shaft. There is a slot near the end of each arm that fits into 'C' shaped arms on the gallery carrier rods. No fancy gears that get out of alignment and stick here.


Candesco outer wick tube top Candesco burner base



Candesco key riser

The gallery carrier is supported by two flat brass arms that are loosely locked into place. One of the arms is wider than the other which keys the carrier into a fixed orientation on the burner base.

There is a cylindrical collar that fits to the top of the gallery carrier as shown.

Candesco Riser disassembled

The cylindrical collar has two arms that drop into slits at the top of the gallery carrier and twist locks into place.

Candesco riser front
The opening at the top of the cylindrical collar has a circle of small holes for airflow.


Candesco gallery raising assembly

Here you can see the gallery raising assembly in its raised position.


Candesco flame spreader

The Candesco flame spreader is made of nickel steel, 11/16" dia, 1-1/16" tall. It has a large row of holes at the lower side of the indentation plus 8 rows of smaller rows on upper side of flame spreader. There is a single slot at bottom rim.

The Candesco burner uses the same period wick holder assembly common to other German burners of the same size.

Bottom of Candesco burner

Candesco wick holder


Most German burners that were imported into North America were imported by just one or two companies and remained in the North American market for just a few years. This late Candesco was imported during the mid 1930's and was gone from the American market by the time that World War II started in Europe during 1939.

German burners have a richer history in the country where they were designed. If you would like to learn more about the history of these burners and how their designs evolved, the place to look is a book by Anton Kaim called "The Evolution of the Kerosene Mantle Burner". This is a self published book sold directly by the author and does a very good job of covering the inception and comparative evolution of the mantle burner. This book an excellent reference for burner and parts identification. The book covers the Burners developed in Europe, German burners imported to North America and Aladdin brand burners. I consider this book to be a must have for the book shelf of anyone interested mantle burner design, evolution and history.


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